What Is Microsoft Corporation?

Microsoft Corporation: An Overview of the World’s Largest Software Designer


In this article, we will delve into the history and accomplishments of Microsoft Corporation, the global leader in software languages and applications for personal computers. Founded in 1975 by William Gates and Paul Allen, Microsoft revolutionized the industry with its microcomputer operating systems and programming languages. Let’s explore how this powerhouse of innovation came to dominate the market.

The Origins of Microsoft

Microsoft’s journey began in 1975 when Gates and Allen developed the first microcomputer operating system, Microsoft BASIC, for the MITS Altair. With their math and programming skills, the duo quickly gained recognition and went on to create DiskBASIC, a disk-managing program. Their groundbreaking software attracted Fortune 500 companies like General Electric, solidifying Microsoft’s role in the emerging microcomputer industry.

Expansion and Success

As the microcomputer market grew, Microsoft adapted to the changes. They released FORTRAN and COBOL programming languages, distributed CP/M operating system languages, and expanded operations to Japan. In a seminal moment, IBM chose Microsoft to develop an operating language for their new microcomputer, leading to the creation of MS-DOS—a landmark product that propelled Microsoft into the mainstream.

Rise of Windows and Excel

With the release of Macintosh and IBM’s PCs, Microsoft faced fierce competition. However, they responded with the development of Microsoft Word, a user-friendly word processing program, and Excel, a powerful spreadsheet program. Windows 2.0 further enhanced their market presence, providing a graphical user interface similar to the Macintosh. Despite legal battles, Microsoft’s products gained traction and captured substantial market share.

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The Release of Windows 3.0

In 1990, Windows 3.0 was launched, offering improved functionality and faster speeds. The user-friendly interface and compatibility with numerous software applications solidified Microsoft’s dominance. By the early 1990s, Microsoft was the largest software company, and its products were widely adopted by businesses and consumers alike.

Diversification and Challenges

In their pursuit of innovation, Microsoft ventured into pen-based computers and CD-ROM technology. They also entered the network software market through collaborations with Ashton-Tate. However, their success drew scrutiny, and the Federal Trade Commission began investigating potential anti-competitive practices.


Throughout its history, Microsoft Corporation has continually pushed the boundaries of technology and software development. With its diverse range of products and strategic partnerships, Microsoft remains at the forefront of the industry. By embracing change and prioritizing user-friendly experiences, they continue to shape the future of computing.

Note: Images used in this article are sourced from the original article.

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